JOHN TERAH SMILEY
- Date of Birth: February 2,
- Place of Birth: Tucson, Arizona, USA
- Citizenship: USA
- Graduate Catalina High School,
- Bachelor of Science Degree (Biology), Stanford University
- Doctor of Philosophy (Zoology), University of Texas, Austin
Scholarships and Awards
- Prizewinner, Arizona State
Mathematics Contest, 1968
- National Association of Secondary School Principals college
- Stanford University Undergraduate Scholarship, 1968-72
- Scholarship to attend Organization for Tropical Studies,
- National Science Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship 1974-77
- University of California Faculty Research Fellowship 1982-83
- White Mountain Research Laboratory Fellowship 1982-84
- Laboratory assistant, Stanford University
- Cannery freezer worker 1968-71 (summers only)
- Construction worker 1972-73
- Teaching assistant, University of Texas 1972-73, 1977-78
- Instructor, University of Texas 1978-79
- Assistant Professor, UC Irvine 1979-86
- Reserve Manager/Director, University of California Landels-Hill Big Creek
- Adjunct Professor of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz 1990-2000.
- Reserve Manager, Big Creek Marine Ecological Reserve, 1994-2003
- Field Station Associate Director, White Mountain Research Station, 2003-present
Research and Management Interests
- Evolutionary, chemical, and mathematical ecology
of plant- herbivore-predator interactions.
- Ecology, evolution and behavior of Lampyridae, Heliconiini, Chrysomelidae,
Eumenidae, Syrphidae, Dioptidae, Lycaenidae, Formicidae, Passifloraceae, and
- Management techniques for terrestrial and marine nature reserves.
- Practical methods for sustainable harvesting of fish populations
- Alternative Energy Systems
Teaching Assistant and Instructor,
University of Texas
- 1973 Teaching assistant, Ecology and Population Biology
- 1974 Laboratory teaching assistant, Diversity of Organisms
- 1977 Teaching assistant for Evolutionary Ecology course taught
by Eric Pianka
- 1978 Laboratory teaching assistant, Diversity of Organisms
- 1978 Instructor, Evolutionary Ecology
- 1979 Instructor, Ecology for Non-majors
Assistant Professor, University of California, Irvine
- 1979 General ecology for biology majors
- 1980 Visiting professor in Organization for Tropical Studies
- 1980 Insect ecology
- 1980 Graduate course in insect/plant interactions
- 1981 General ecology for biology majors
- 1981 Graduate seminar in insect/plant coevolution
- 1981 General entomology
- 1981 Mathematical ecology discussion group
- 1981-85 2-week unit in field methods in ecology
- 1981 Freshman advisory seminar
- 1982 General entomology
- 1982 Field ecology "supercourse"
- 1982 Freshman advisory seminar
- 1983 Graduate course in plant-insect interactions
- 1983 Insect ecology
- 1983 Population and community ecology
- 1983 Graduate seminar in ecological interactions and mutualism
- 1983 Seminar in Heliconius/Passiflora interactions
- 1984 Field ecology "supercourse"
- 1984 Graduate course in plant-insect interactions
- 1985 Population and community ecology
- 1985 Field ecology "supercourse"
- 1986 Population and community ecology
- 1986 Field ecology "supercourse"
Adjunct Professor and Reserve Manager, University of California
- 1987-1991 Lecture to field biology quarter, insect ecology classes, Sierra
Institute classes, many other classes which visit the reserve.
- Laboratory assistant in electrophoresis lab,
- Senior Project on electrophysiology of butterfly tarsal chemoreceptors,
- 1974-75 Research Assistant, field studies in Costa Rica on Heliconius butterflies
- 1975-77 Ph.D. thesis project in Costa Rica on Heliconius Passiflora interactions
- 1979-83 NSF-sponsored research in Costa Rica on Heliconius- Passiflora-ant
- 1980 Research in Brazil, Venezuela, and Costa Rica on plant- herbivore-predator
- NSF-sponsored field research in Australia on Lycaenidae-ant-host plant interactions
- Design and implementation of a "Rural Ecology Action Lab" at Pacific
- 1986-present Field research on willow-insect interactions in western North
- 1986-present Design and implementation of environmental monitoring system
for Big Creek Reserve
- 1992-present Design and implementation of GIS database for Big Creek Reserve,
- 2005-present Design and implementation of sophisticated alternative energy
system for the WMRS Barcroft Field Station
- 1981-present Ecology and Evolution of Insect-Plant Food Webs in Sierra Nevada
Mountains, California. "Willow Beetle Project"
Thesis Committees (date finished)
Doctoral Masters Undergraduate
Charles Wisdom (1985) Amy Salzman (1981) Derek Sikes (1991)
Manuel Aregullin (1986) Kathy Kuletz (1983) Tad Nakatani (2005)
Jan Cavin (1987) Jeffrey Mitchell
Margo Griswold (1989) Deborah Lawhon (1984)
Nathan Rank (1990) Michael Kingston (1984)
Luis Mota (1992) Jim Sayce (1982)
Svarup Wood (1995) Tim Holtsford (1984)
Invited Papers and Seminars
- 1980 "Correlation between oviposition
preference and caterpillar growth rates in Heliconius butterflies" Gordon
Research Conference on Chemical Aspects of Plant-herbivore Interactions
- 1981 "Heliconius Passiflora interactions" Department of Entomology,
- 1982 "Ant predation on Heliconius caterpillars" Annual meeting
of the Lepidoptera Society, Laramie, Wyoming
- 1982 "Host specialization in Heliconius butterflies" Division
of Environmental Studies, UC Davis
- 1983 "Determinants of Growth Rate in Heliconius caterpillars"
Department of Biology, UCLA
- 1983 "Ecology of Heliconius-Passiflora interaction" Department
of Entomology, UC Riverside
- 1983 "Insect Communities in the Tropics" Annual Meeting of the
Entomological Society of America, Detroit, Michigan
- 1983 "Localized variation in insect survival rates" Community
Ecology Conference, Malibu, California
- 1984 "Community structure of Passiflora-feeding herbivores" Department
of Entomology, UC Berkeley1985 "Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles,
and predators" High Elevation Research Symposium, White Mountain Research
- 1985 "Community structure of Passiflora-feeding herbivores" Plenary
lecture to Midwestern States Entomological Society, Lincoln, Nebraska
- 1985 "Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles, and predators"
Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska
- 1986 "Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles, and predators"
Department of Botany, UC Riverside
- 1986 "Adaptation along an elevation gradient in the Sierra Nevada",
Biology seminar, UC Santa Cruz
- 1987 "Recovery of vegetation and fauna after Rat Creek fire" Keynote
speaker for annual meeting of Big Sur Natural History Association, Big Creek
- 1988 "Big Creek in Transition" presentation to guests of the 10th
anniversary celebration of Big Creek Reserve. Guests included UC President
Gardner and UCSC chancellor Stevens.
- 1993 "Research Progress at Big Creek" slide presentation and subsequent
guided tour for the Foundation Trustees of the UC Santa Cruz Foundation, a
UCSC fundraising organization. Guests included UCSC chancellor Carl Pister.
- 2007 "Elevational And Temporal Trends In Salix-feeding Beetles And
Associated Insects Along Three Sierra Nevada, California Drainages" presented
to 2007 Paclim conference, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California
- 2008 "Climate Induced Elevation Shifts in a Sierra Nevada food web:
how do the predators respond? presented at conference "Climate Ecosystems
and Resources in Eastern California" held in Bishop California, November
Contributed Papers and Poster Presentations
- 1982 "Comparison of monophyletic vs.
polyphyletic feeding guilds" V International Symposium on Insect-Plant
Interactions, Wageningen, The Netherlands
- 1982 "Convergence in Passiflora-feeding insects" Southwestern
Population Biology Conference, James Reserve, California
- 1983 "Diet diversity in host-specialist insects" Gordon Research
Conference on Chemical Aspects of Plant-herbivore Interactions, Ventura, California
- 1985 "Chemical ecology of willows and willow beetles" Chemical
Ecology Society, Madison, Wisconsin
- 1989 "Chemical ecology of willows in California" Gordon Research
Conference on Chemical Aspects of Plant-herbivore Interactions, Ventura, California
- 2004 "UC White Mountain Research Station brings GLORIA to the White
Mountains" presented at 2004 meeting of the American Geophysical Union,
San Francisco, California.
- 2005 "UC White Mountain Research Station expands GLORIA monitoring
in the White Mountains" presented at 2005 meeting of the American Geophysical
Union, San Francisco, California.
- 2006 "25 Years of Variability in the Biology of Salix-feeding Beetles
and Associated Insects along a Sierra Nevada Elevation Gradient, California:
Are There Long-term Trends?" preented to 2006 meeting of the American
Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California.
- Consultant on project to control
Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii.
- Author of "Passiflora foetida and P. vitifolia"
chapters in Costa Rican natural history guide.
- Author of "Common Insects of the White Mountains: included
in a natural history guide for the region.
- Articles reviewed for: American Naturalist, Ecology, Evolution,
Science, Pan Pacific Entomologist, Animal Behavior, Jl. Theoretical
Biology, Ecological Entomology.
- Grant proposals reviewed for National Science Foundation,
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society,
and Organization for Tropical Studies.
- Review book chapter for An Introduction to Conservation
Biology by Gary Meffe and Ron Carroll.
- Wrote a "Marine Studies Primer" for Pacific Valley
School's Project R.E.A.L.
- Coordinator for "Big Sur Skiff Fishing Survey"
- Participant, Burned Area Emergency Rehabilitation (B.A.E.R.)Team
after 1999 wildfire in Big Sur
- Host and organizer of ongoing "Santa Lucia Natural History
- Participant in "Coast Highway Management Plan"
working group 1999-present.
- Graduate advisor, Department of Ecology and
Evolutionary Biology 1982-84
- Manager/Director, Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, University of California,
Natural Reserve System 1986-present
- UCSC representative to President's Advisory Committee, White Mountain Research
- Manager's Representative to Advisory Committee of Natural Reserve System
- Member, board of directors, Big Sur Natural History Association 1988-1994.
- Member, school board, Pacific Unified School District, 1995-2003 (elected
president in 2000)
- Associate Director, University of California White Mountain Research Station
- Article with color photographs
in Orange County Register 1982
- Public Lecture on High Mountain Insects, Bishop, California
- News and photo coverage of willow research by Associated
Press, CBS radio, Science News, Geo Magazine, Science 85 Magazine
- Public Lecture to Big Sur Natural History Association 1987
- Public lecture to Big Sur Historical Society 1990.
- Newspaper column "Nature Notes from Big Creek"
published monthly in Big Sur Roundup.
- $90,000 for project on population biology
of Heliconius (with Larry Gilbert, Univ. of Texas) NSF DEB7906033 1979-82
- $3000 for comparative study of Passiflora-attending ants Faculty Research
- $12000 "Chemical ecology of Heliconius-Passiflora interaction"
Faculty Research Fellowship 1982-83
- $60,000 for lycaenid-ant interactions (with Peter Atsatt) NSF DEB8203520
- $20,000 for willow-beetle interactions White Mountain Research Laboratory
- $260,000 for "Bringing 21st Century Energy Technology to the White
Mountain Research Station NSF award# 0533661
- $800,000 for "Ecological and evolutionary responses to environmental
change in Sierra Nevada populations of a montane willow beetle" NSF award#
- Otte, D and JT Smiley.
1977. Synchronous flashing in Texas fireflies: a consideration of interaction
models. Biology of Behavior 2: 143-158.
- Smiley, JT. 1978. Plant chemistry
and the evolution of host specificity: New evidence from Heliconius and Passiflora. Science 201: 745-747
- Gilbert, LE and JT Smiley. 1978. Determinants
of local diversity in phytophagous insects: Host specialists in tropical environments.
In: LA Mound and N Waloff, eds., Diversity of Insect Faunas. Blackwell, London
- Boggs, CL, JT Smiley and LE Gilbert. 1981 Patterns of pollen exploitation
by Heliconius butterflies. Oecologia 48:284-289
- Waage, JK, JT Smiley, and LE Gilbert. 1981 The Passiflora problem
in Hawaii, prospects and problems of controlling forest weed Passiflora
mollissima (Passifloracae) with heliconiine butterflies. Entomophaga 26:
- Smiley, JT and CS Wisdom 1982 Photographic
estimation of weight of insect larvae. Annals of Entomological Society
of America 75: 616-618
- Smiley, JT The herbivores of Passiflora: Comparison of monophyletic and polyphyletic feeding guilds.
Proceedings of V International Symposium on Insect-Plant Interactions, Wageningen,
- Smiley, JT. 1983 Passiflora foetida and P. vitifolia. In:
D Janzen, ed., Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press
- Wisdom, CS, JT Smiley and E Rodriguez. 1983 Toxicity and deterrency of sequiterpene
lactones and chromenes to Heliothis zea (Boddie). J. Economic Entomology
- Smiley, JT 1985 Are chemical
barriers necessary for butterfly- host plant coevolution? Oecologia 65:
- Smiley, JT 1985 Heliconius caterpillar mortality during establishment on plants with and without defending
ants. Ecology 66: 845-849
- Smiley, JT and CS Wisdom. 1985 Determinants
of insect growth rate on heterogeneous host plants in a rainforest environment.
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 13: 305-312
- Smiley, JT, NE Rank and JM Horn. 1985 Ecological effects of salicin at three
trophic levels: New problems from old adaptations. Science 229: 649-651
- Smiley, JT. 1986 Ant constancy
at Passiflora extrafloral nectaries: effects on caterpillar survival.
Ecology 67: 516-521
- Smiley, JT and NE Rank. 1986 Predator protection versus rapid growth in
a montane leaf beetle. Oecologia 70: 106-112
- Smiley, JT. 1986 Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles, and predators:
Adaptation along an elevation gradient in the eastern Sierra Nevada. In: CA
Hall and DJ Young, eds. White Mountain Research Station Symposium 1: 106-113.
- Smiley, JT, PR Atsatt and NE Pierce. 1988 Local distribution of Jalmenus
evagoras (Lycaenidae) in response to host ants and plants. Oecologia 76:416-422.
- Smiley, JT and NE Rank. 1990. Bitterness of Salix along the North Fork of
Big Pine Creek, eastern California: Species and community elevational trends.
Pages 132-147 in: CA Hall and V. Doyle-Jones, eds. Natural History of the
Eastern California and High-altitude Research, White Mountain Research Station
Symposium Volume 3. 25 pages.
- Smiley, JT and D. Giuliani. 1991. Common Insects of the White Mountains.
In: CA Hall, ed., Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California.
University of California Press 1991
- Shawn C Saving, Paul M Rich, John T. Smiley and Stuart B. Weiss, (1993).
GIS-based Microclimate Models for Assessment of Habitat Quality in Natural
Reserves. American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Technical
Papers, Vol. 3, GIS, Photogrammetry, and Modeling. 319-330.
- Nathan E. Rank and John T. Smiley, (1994). Host Plant Effects on Parasyrphus
melanderi (Diptera:Syrphidae) feeding on a willow leaf beetle Chrysomela
aenicollis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Economic Entomology 19: 31-38.
- Nathan Rank, John Smiley, and Alfred Kopf, (1996). Natural Enemies and Host
Plant Relationships for Chrysomeline Leaf Beetles feeding on Salicaceae, in: Chrysomelidae Biology vol. 2 Ecological Studies, page 147-171, Edited by
P.H.A.Jolivet and M.L.Cox, SPB Academic Publishing Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Sears, A.L.W., Smiley, J.T., Hilker, M., Muller, F. and N.E. Rank. 2001.
Nesting behavior and prey use in two geographically separated populations
of the specialist wasp Symmorphus cristatus (Vespidae: Eumeninae).
American Midland Naturalist 145:233-246.
- Smiley, J.( 2001). Habitats For Willow Beetles and Ecologists: Choosing
a Site Really Matters. Views of a Coastal Wilderness: 20 Years of Research
at Big Creek Reserve. Edited by John Smiley, Rohana Mayer and Eric Engles.
Santa Cruz, CA, University of California Natural Reserve System: 49-58.
- Otto, SB, EL Berlow, NE Rank, JT Smiley and U Brose. 2008. The diversity
and identity of predators drive interaction strengths and trophic cascades
in a montane food web. Ecology, 89:134-144.
- Dahlhoff, E. P., S. L. Fearnley, D. A. Bruce, A. G. Gibbs, R. Stoneking*,
D. M. McMillan*, K. Deiner*, J. T. Smiley and N. E. Rank. 2008. Effects of
temperature on physiology and reproductive success of a montane leaf beetle:
implications for persistence of native populations enduring climate change.
Invited paper, in review for focused collection in Physiological and Biochemical
Zoology, “Predicting Extinction: Investigating the Interface of Physiology,
Ecology, and Climate Change”.