Willows, Leaf Beetles, and their Predators:
Adaptations to Elevation Gradients in the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains

Published Articles

Dahlhoff, E.P., S.L.Fearnley, D.A.Bruce, A.G.Gibbs, R. Stoneking, D.M.McMillan, K. Deiner, J.T.Smiley and N.E.Rank. "Effects of Temperature on Physiology and Reproductive Success of a Montane Leaf Beetle: Implications for Persistance of Native Populations Enduring Climate Change." Invited paper in Physiological and Biochemical Ecology 81(6): 718-732. (2008)

Otto, S.B., E.L.Berlow, N.E.Rank, J.T.Smiley and U. Brose. "The Diversity and Identity of Predators Drive Interaction Strengths and Trophic Cascades in a Montane Food Web". Ecology 89:134-144. (2008)

Rank, Nathan E., Douglas A. Bruce, David P. McMillan, Colleen Barclay and Elizabeth P. Dahlhoff. "Phosphoglucose Isomerase Genotype Affects Running Speed and Heat Shock Protein Expression After Exposure to Extreme Temperatures in a Montane Willow Beetle." Journal of Experimental Biology 210 (2007): 750-764. pdf file

Rank, Nathan E., Kasey Iturralde and Elizabeth P. Dahlhoff. "Role of Contests in the Scramble Competition Mating System of a Leaf Beetle" Journal of Insect Behavior 19 (no. 6, 2006): 699-716. pdf file

McMillan,D.M., Fearnley,S.L., Rank,N.E., and Dahlhoff,E.P. " Survival, Growth and Effects of Environmental Stress in Larvae of the Montane Willow Beetle Chrysomela aeneicollis." Functional Ecology (2005). pdf file

Neargarder,G., Dahlhof,E.P., and Rank,N.E. "Variation in Thermal Tolerance is Linked to Phosphoglucose Isomerase Genotype in a Montane Leaf Beetle." Functional Ecology 17 (2003): 213-221. pdf file

Rank,N.E. and Dahlhoff,E.P. "Allele Frequency Shifts in Response to Climate Change and Physiological Consequences of Allozyme Variation in a Montane Insect." Evolution 56, no. 11 (2003): 2278-2289. pdf file

Sears,A.L., Smiley,J.T., Hilker,M., Muller,F., and Rank,N.E. "Nesting Behavior and Prey Use in Two Geographically Separated Populations of the Specialist Wasp Symmorphus cristatus (Vespidae: Eumeninae)." American Midland Naturalist 145:2, no. April, 2001 (2001): 233-246. pdf file

Dahlhoff,E.P. and Rank,N.E. "Functional and Physiological Consequences of Genetic Variation at Phosphoglucose Isomerase: Heat Shock Protein Expression is Related to Enzyme Genotype in a Montane Beetle." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 97, no. 18 (2000): 10056-10061. pdf file

Rank, N.E., J.T. Smiley, & A. Köpf. 1996. Natural enemies and host plant relationships for leaf beetles (Chrysomelinae) feeding on Salicaceae and Betulaceae. Chrysomelidae Biology, P.H.A. Jolivet & M. Cox, editors. Volume 2: Ecological Studies. pp. 147-172.

Rank,N.E. "Host-plant Effects on Larval Survival of a Salicin-Using Leaf Beetle Chrysomela aeneicollis Schaeffer (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)." Oecologia 97 (1994). pdf

Rank,N.E. and Smiley,J.T. "Host-plant effects on Parasyrphus melanderi (Diptera: syrphidae) feeding on a willow leaf beetle Chrysomela aeneicollis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)." Ecological Entomology 19 (1994). pdf file

Rank,N.E. "A hierarchical analysis of genetic differentiation in a montane leaf beetle Chrysomela aeneicollis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)." Evolution 46, no. 4 (1992): 1097-1111. pdf file

Rank,N.E. "Host plant preference based on salicylate chemistry in a willow leaf beetle (Chrysomela aeneicollis)." Oecologia 90 (1992): 95-101. pdf

Rank,N.E., "Effects of plant chemical variation on a specialist herbivore: Willow Leaf beetles in the eastern Sierra Nevada," in Natural History of Eastern California and High-altitude Research, edited by Jr. C.A.Hall and and B. Widawski V.Doyle-Jones (Los Angeles: University of California, 1991), 161-81. pdf file

Smiley,J.T. and Rank,N.E., "Bitterness of Salix along the north fork of Big Pine Creek, eastern California: species and community elevational trends," in Natural History of Eastern California and High-altitude Research, edited by Jr. C.A.Hall, V. Doyle-Jones, and B. Widawski (Los Angeles: University of California, 1991), 132-47. pdf file

Smiley,K.S., "Aggregation advantages in a Willow Leaf Beetle along an elevational gradient," in Natural History of Eastern California and High-altitude Research, edited by Jr. C.A.Hall, V. Doyle-Jones, and B. Widawski (Los Angeles: University of California, 1991), 148-60. pdf file

Rank,N.E., "Ecological determinants of host plant use and microgeographic genetic differentiation in a Willow Leaf Beetle (Chrysomela aenicollis Schaeffer)," ( Ph.D., University of California, 1990).

Giuliani,D. and Smiley,J.T., "Insects," in Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California, edited by Jr. C.A.Hall (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), 37-46.

Smiley,J.T. and Rank,N.E. "Predator protection versus rapid growth in a montane leaf beetle." Oecologia 70 (1986): 106-12. pdf file

Smiley,J.T., " Chemical ecology of willows, leaf beetles, and predators: adaptation along an elevation gradient in the eastern Sierra Nevada," in Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California and Western Nevada and High Altitude Physiology, edited by C. Hall and D. Young (Los Angeles: University of California, 1986), 66-113.

Smiley,J.T., Horn,J.M., and Rank,N.E. "Ecological effects of salicin at three trophic levels: new problems from old adaptations." Science 229 (1985): 649-51. pdf file

Pasteels, J, M. Rowell-Rahier, J. Brackman, and A. Dupont. 1983. Salicin from host plant as precursor of salicylaldehyde in defensive secretion of Chrysomeline larvae. Physiol Entomol 8:307-314.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Nakatani, Tadashi. 2004. Indirect effects of climate change on the Symmorphus wasp at Big Pine Creek. Report for REU project.

Other literature

Hayhoe, et. al. 2004. Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California. PNAS 101:12422-12427. pdf file

V.R. Burkett et al. 2005 Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: Case studies and policy implications Ecological Complexity 2 (2005) 357–394. (pdf file) Review of non-linear (i.e. threshold) responses of ecosystems to climate change